The University of Cambridge has seen a drop in applications from European Union students, while the University of Oxford has seen an increase.
The eu settlement scheme is a new program that the U.K. universities are being forced to apply for after Brexit, which will allow them to continue receiving funding from the European Union.
The United Kingdom and the European Union unveiled a post-Brexit trade agreement on December 24, 2020, near to the conclusion of the 11-month Brexit transition period. Politicians and business leaders on both sides were relieved by the news, as they had dreaded the ramifications of a no-deal departure for years.
After nine months of arduous talks, the deal was signed on December 30th, ultimately securing the United Kingdom’s departure from the European Union and bringing an end to a four-year drama. From commerce to banking, agriculture to fishing, tourism to military, a new set of laws governing Britain’s interactions with its continental neighbors went into effect on January 1, 2021.
Higher education is one of the sectors where the changes are already being felt. The United Kingdom has long been one of the most popular study locations in the world. The United Kingdom, home to some of the world’s most prestigious institutions and cutting-edge research facilities, welcomed 496,570 foreign students in 2019, second only to the United States (1,095,299), according to Project Atlas’ newest statistics.
In turn, the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) reports that there were 538,615 foreign students in the United Kingdom in 2019/20, with 142,985 from the European Union.
European Union citizens have traditionally made up a significant percentage of the foreign students that apply to study in the United Kingdom on a yearly basis. Apart from the language and the well-known quality of its educational institutions, visa exemption, home fee status, easy access to student loans, unrestricted access to the public health system, and the ability to work legally both during and after the course have always attracted students from the European Union.
With the United Kingdom’s departure from the European Union, the British government opted to terminate home fee status for EU, EEA, and Swiss citizens, which means they would no longer be charged the same tuition rates as domestic students. Students beginning academic programmes in England, Scotland, or Wales from August 2021 will be affected by the change.
Until last year, European Union citizens paid the same tuition costs as British residents, up to £9,250 ($11,500) per year for an undergraduate degree. They now pay the same costs as foreign students, which range between £10,000 ($14,000) and £38,000 ($53,000) depending on the institution and degree.
According to a report published last July by the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS), a U.K. organization focused on the application processes for UK universities, the number of E.U. applications dropped significantly as of 30 June 2021, the final date to apply to up to five courses simultaneously, from 49,650 in 2020 to 28,400 in 2021. (-43 percent ).
“A variety of reasons, notably the uncertainty connected with the UK’s departure from the EU, and changes to student assistance arrangements, have affected applications from the EU,” according to UCAS.
The number of students applying to institutions in the United Kingdom has dropped by at least 30% in France, Germany, Spain, and Italy, which have historically dominated the list.
in the first six months of the year
France, which had 5,130 students in 2020 but only 3,600 this year, a 30% decrease, was followed by Spain, which dropped from 4,470 in 2020 to 3,010 in 2021 (-33%), Italy, which dropped from 3,940 to 2,360 (-40%), and Germany, which dropped from 3,080 to 2,050. (-33 percent ).
Despite not being one of the nations sending the most students to the United Kingdom, Portugal was one of the Western European countries with the largest decrease, from 2,410 in 2020 to 960 in 2021. (-60 percent ).
In 2020, Poland sent 4,630 students to the United Kingdom, second only to France. However, in 2021, the nation only sent 1,230 students, a decrease of 73%, and it fell to fifth place.
Other Eastern European nations, like Poland, had the biggest drops in the bloc compared to the previous year: Romania fell from 3,030 in 2020 to 1,050 in 2021 (-65%), Slovakia fell from 1,010 to 270 (-74%), and Bulgaria fell from 1,870 to 520. (-72 percent ).
The three Baltic nations had similar drops: Estonia fell from 390 in 2020 to 140 in 2021 (-63%), Latvia fell from 630 to 210 (-67%), and Lithuania fell from 1,650 to 530. (-68 percent ).
Ireland is the sole outlier in the European Union, with a 24 percent increase in student numbers from 4,230 in 2020 to 5,260 in 2021. However, unlike the rest of the European Union, Irish people have maintained the ability to study and receive reciprocal benefits and services in the United Kingdom under the Common Travel Area agreement. This implies that Irish citizens are still entitled for home fee status and student loans, among other things.
UCAS’s study, on the other hand, revealed that non-EU.
The number of student applications rose by 14%, from 89,130 in 2020 to 102,000 in 2021. China, which increased from 24,430 in 2020 to 28,490 in 2021 (+17 percent), the United States, which increased from 5,000 to 7,650 (+53 percent), and India, which increased from 7,640 to 9,930 (+30 percent). Iraq, with a proportionate increase from 40 to 70 percent (+95 percent), and Guatemala, with a proportional increase from 10 to 30 percent (+93 percent), stand out.
International student applications, on the other hand, fell from 131,990 in 2019 to 138,770 in 2020 to 130,390 in 2021.
UCAS polled approximately 500 foreign students in June 2021 about their experiences applying to colleges and higher education institutions in the United Kingdom. According to the study, 77 percent of applicants from Africa and 73 percent from the Americas think the United Kingdom is a good place to work.
52 percent of candidates from Central and Eastern Europe and 53 percent of applicants from Western Europe see it as a better choice than other nations to which they are contemplating applying.
When asked about the rise in non-EU international student applications, UCAS stated that “the effect of the Graduate path may potentially be a motivating factor for non-EU candidates contemplating study in the UK.” The new Graduate Immigration Route, which will be open for applications on July 1, 2021, allows foreign students who have received their degree to remain in the UK for two years and work or search for employment.
According to UCAS, students indicated a desire to study and work in the United Kingdom in a June poll of foreign applicants.
Future employability in the applicant’s place of study (54%) was seen as a more significant consideration in determining study destinations than future employability in the applicant’s home country (37%).
From August onwards, the following are the key issues that will impact E.U. students applying to UK universities and higher education institutions.
Loans and fees
Prior to Brexit, European Union students may pay the same tuition as British and Irish students: up to £9,250 per year. Those who begin their studies in August 2021, however, will be required to pay foreign fees, which may cost up to £38,000 per year. Furthermore, student loans will be unavailable.
Students from the European Union who enrolled in a higher education institution before July 31, 2021, will be entitled for “home fee status,” which enables them to pay the same tuition rates as students from the United Kingdom.
students – and they will be allowed to qualify for a student loan in the future. Even after August 2021, this status is assured for the length of the research.
For courses lasting longer than six months, the British government has obliged E.U. students to apply for a student visa beginning January 1, 2021.
As a result, students from the European Union will be allowed to enter the UK only with this document, which costs £348 to get. A smartphone app or a Visa Application Center in the applicant’s home country may be used to submit the visa application, which includes identification verification.
E.U. students’ access to the British public health care is also impacted by the United Kingdom’s departure from the European Union.
They will now have to pay an Immigration Health Surcharge in order to use the National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom. Full-time students in higher education in the United Kingdom who hold a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) issued by a member state of the European Union may receive a refund of the Immigration Health Surcharge.
Choosing to stay and work
After January 2021, E.U. students will no longer be able to stay and work freely in the United Kingdom after completing their studies. E.U. students will now have to apply to the new Graduate Immigration Route, just like all other foreign students, for the ability to stay in the UK for two years after graduation (three years after finishing a PhD) to work or seek employment in any industry or at any skill level.
This time frame, however, cannot be extended.
As a result of the United Kingdom’s departure from the European Union, British participation in the Erasmus exchange program has come to an end. According to statistics from the European Commission, 30,501 European Union students traveled to the United Kingdom via the program in 2018/2019, while 18,305 British students went the other way.
Instead of the Erasmus program, the British government announced the establishment of the Turing plan, named after British computer pioneer Alan Turing, which would allow UK students to study in nations outside of the European Union. The program, on the other hand, is still in its early stages, and numerous agreements must be finalized before it can offer some of the advantages that Erasmus students enjoyed.
The uk international students latest news is a blog post about the recent dip in applications to U.K. unis after Brexit.
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